Flowers In Russia: Cultural Meaning

Russian people love flowers. It is unsurprising that flowers play a significant role in decorative art, music, and literature. Below are some common types of flowers in Russia and a few intriguing facts about their symbolic meanings in our culture.

flowers in russia: 12 names

Chamomile: National Flower Of Russia

Chamomile serves as a flavor enhancer in various food and beverage products, as well as in cosmetics. The infusion of dried chamomile flowers with hot water, commonly known as chamomile tea, may improve the quality of sleep.

Additionally, chamomile holds significant cultural significance as a symbol of purity and is recognized as Russia’s national flower. It has been frequently referenced in Russian folklore, songs, and literature, further solidifying its cultural importance.

Moreover, chamomile is also regarded as a symbol of Peter and Fevronia Day, which celebrates the values of family, love, and faithfulness.

Autumn flowers in Russia

The aster and gladiolus, known as autumn flowers, are highly favored garden plants due to their vibrant and captivating blooms. These flowers hold a special significance in Russia, as they are commonly presented to teachers on September 1, which marks Back to School Day.


The red carnation has been utilized as a representation of socialism and the labor movement, frequently appearing in protests on International Workers’ Day.

In Russia, red carnations have taken on a new meaning as a symbol of mourning, honoring those who have passed away.

Unlike in the UK, poppies are not as commonly used for wartime remembrance. On Victory Day (May 9), red carnations are customarily placed at monuments dedicated to the Soviet Army.

While it may be inaccurate to label carnations solely as ‘funeral flowers,’ they are undeniably linked to death.

Spring flowers in Russia

The daffodils and tulips are associated with spring festivals such as Women’s Day.

Snowdrops, on the other hand, hold a significant place in art and literature, often symbolizing spring and purity in poetry.

In the fairy-tale play “The Twelve Months” by Russian writer Samuil Marshak, snowdrops play a crucial role as a greedy queen offers a reward of a basket of gold coins to anyone who can bring her snowdrops during the winter.

A young orphan girl, sent out by her cruel stepmother during a snowstorm, encounters the spirits of the 12 months of the year who not only save her from freezing to death but also enable her to gather the flowers even in winter.

Russian composer Tchaikovsky composed a series of 12 piano pieces, each named after a month of the year and associated with that month. His piece titled “April” is also known as “Snowdrop.” Due to the later arrival of spring and the prolonged winter in Russia, Tchaikovsky’s composition reflects this climate. Additionally, in December 1878, Tchaikovsky wrote the poem “Lilies of the Valley”. The lilies of the Vally have been holding a symbolic meaning of spring and hope in Russian classical and popular culture.

Rose: Love Symbol

The rose holds a significant meaning in various cultures, symbolizing love. The Russian culture isn’t an exception. The color and quantity of roses received carry symbolic connotations.

The significance of the number of flowers presented as a gift should not be overlooked – no matter what flowers you have chosen. In Russia, it is customary to offer an odd number of flowers in a bouquet, except in the case of funerals. Although the rule is applicable up to twelve flowers, many individuals continue to adhere to it even beyond that limit.

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